ARCHIVES - MINOR PROPHETS
October 28, 2021, 6:52 PM

SERMON SEEDS ARCHIVES

MINOR PROPHETS

Through no fault of our own, about 5 years of Sermon Seeds was deleted from the Website of the First Baptist Church.

We decided that it was time to begin archiving them in a different way.

Please be patient as we gradually archive these outlines.

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OBADIAH 1:1-21 – PRIDE BEFORE A FALL

The people of Edom were the descendants of Jacob’s brother, Esau. Their pride hurt family relationships with their brother, Jacob. Obadiah pronounces judgment on Edom as well as all other nations, and shows the ultimate victory to be secured by Israel during the Day of the Lord.

INTRODUCTION

  • Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament (21 verses), and perhaps the most neglected.
  • Although there are many people named Obadiah mentioned in the Old Testament, it is not likely that any one of them wrote this book.
  • Obadiah’s name means “servant of Jehovah”.  Obadiah’s name reflected who he was. That’s all that people need to know about him, or God would have told us more.
  • The writing of this book was in conjunction with a victory over Jerusalem by her enemies.  There are four mentioned in Scripture, but only two are really plausible: the invasion by the Chaldeans led by King Nebuchadnezzar or an invasion in the time of King Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21). 

CLASSIC STRUGGLE BETWEEN JACOB AND ESAU AND THEIR DESCENDANTS

  • From the Womb – Genesis 25:19-26
  • Between the Parents – Genesis 25:27-28
  • Concerning Birthright and Blessing – Genesis 25:29-33, Hebrews 12:16, Genesis 27:1-28:9
  • Concerning Relationship with God – Genesis 28:10-22, 32:22-32
  • Esau settled in the region south of the Red Sea called Mount Seir. There were continual struggles between Edom and Israel. 1 Samuel 14:47, 2 Samuel 8:14, 2 Kings 8:20-22
  • Eventually the Edomites were deposed from their land, and became known as the Idumeans. They were eventually forced to become Jews.  The kings named “Herod” were actually descendants of Esau. 

DECLARATION OF JUDGMENT – Vss. 1-9

  • Edom Despised – Vss. 1-2
  • Edom Deceived – Vss. 3-4, 6-7
  • Edom Decimated – Vs. 5
  • Edom Destroyed – Vss. 8-9

DESCRIPTION OF THE UNCHARITABLE – Vss. 10-14

  • Sin Against a Brother – Vs. 10
  • Sympathy with the Enemy – Vs. 11
  • Smugness Against Jacob – Vs. 12
  • Sharing the Spoils – Vs. 13
  • Standing in Opposition – Vs. 14

DAY OF THE LORD – Vss. 15-16

  • It Is Near – Vs. 15a
  • It Is Nasty – Vss. 15b-16

DELIVERANCE FOR ISRAEL – Vss. 17-21

  • A New Situation – Vs. 17
  • A Needed Victory – Vs. 18
  • A New Possession – Vss. 19-20
  • A Noble Kingdom – Vs. 21

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MICAH 5:2 etc. – BETHLEHEM

A CITY OF DESTINY - Micah 5:2 – It was predicted that the Messiah would be born there.

A CITY OF DELIGHT - Luke 2:11 – The Messiah, Jesus Christ, was born there!

A CITY OF DEATH - Matthew 2:8, 11-18

It was a city of death because of the unbelief of Herod. If Herod had believed, he would not have tried to kill Jesus. Today, there is still death when a person does not believe in Christ. John 3:16-18

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MALACHI 1:1 – WHAT HAVE WE HERE?

NOW AND THEN – STUDIES IN MALACHI – #1

  The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.

Malachi 1:1 (KJV)

  1. NOW AND THEN
  • Malachi addresses key Spiritual issues of his day (his “now”!).
  • The people of his day were what Jesus will later call “lukewarm” (Revelation 3:15-16).
  • What Malachi viewed as “now” is very much the situation we have today.
  • Malachi also had “then” in view as he looked for the coming Messiah and His messenger.  Malachi 3:1-4, 4:1-5
  • We too have a “then” to which to look forward that should affect our behavior now! Titus 2:11-14
  1. TIME OF WRITING
  • Internal clues indicate that the writing was done in the post-exilic period. The priesthood was in operation and the temple was in existence.
  • The problems addressed very much parallel the ones faced by Nehemiah. Compare: Malachi 2:11-15, Nehemiah 13:23-27; Malachi 3:8-10, Nehemiah 13:10-14; Malachi 2:8-9, 4:4, Nehemiah 13:15-22; Malachi 1:6-2:9, Nehemiah 13:7-9; Malachi 3:5, Nehemiah 5:1-13
  • Malachi was probably written between 433-400 B.C.
  1. BURDEN
  • The word “burden” has the idea of something heavy that must be lifted up.
  • A message from God can be a burden to the messenger and the ones receiving the message.
  1. LORD
  • This is the personal name of our God.  He is the great “I Am”. Exodus 3:13-15
  • One of His key attributes is that of love. Psalm 103:8-12
  • As the great “I Am”, He is jealous of His glory.  Isaiah 42:8, Exodus 34:14
  • The LORD saves His people in spite of their sins. Psalm 106:7-8
  • The LORD makes Himself known through creation and His Word. Psalm 19:1, 7-11
  1. WORD OF THE LORD
  • Malachi was not transmitting his own message, but God’s.
  • He was not speaking on His own authority, but God’s.
  • It is important to understand that Malachi’s message is a message from God.                           2 Peter 1:20-21
  • Not every prophet who claims to speak for God actually does speak for God. Ezekiel 13:3-5, 1 Kings 22:13-28
  • Those who speak and teach today must be aware of the grave responsibility they have as they represent God.  1 Corinthians 2:1-5, Hebrews 13:17
  1. TO ISRAEL
  • The message was to God’s people as a corporate entity.
  • Although Malachi must be applied by the individual believer, it must also be applied by the church as a body of believers who are God’s people.
  1. BY MALACHI
  • Malachi means “My Messenger”.
  • We know nothing about him, so some think this is a general title instead of a real person.
  • Considering that the Old Testament does not lack for people having significant names, there’s good reason to think of Malachi as a real person.
  • Like all the other authors of Scripture, God used Malachi’s personality and circumstances to communicate His Word. 

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MALACHI 1:2-14 – LOVE DOUBTED, LOVE WITHHELD

NOW AND THEN – STUDIES IN MALACHI – #2

Malachi was probably written during the times of Ezra and Nehemiah, or shortly thereafter. The Book addresses some of the same difficulties found in Nehemiah. The people were what Jesus would later call “lukewarm”.  His name means “my messenger”, and he immediately addressed two sins of the people. These sins were both rooted in their own lack of love.

LOVE DOUBTED – Vss. 2-5

  • Vs. 2 – God begins by expressing his ongoing love.
  1. God’s love for Israel is unconditional, not dependent on anything Israel had done. Deuteronomy 7:7-8, 10:15, 21:5
  2. God’s love for Israel was “sovereignly bestowed”, beginning with Abraham.  Genesis 12:1-3
  3. God’s love for Israel is everlasting. Jeremiah 31:3
  4. God’s love for Israel is like a husband’s love for his wife. Malachi 2:11
  5. God’s love for Israel is like a father’s love for his son. Exodus 4:22-23, Hosea 11:1

Copied from: David M. Levy, Malachi: Messenger of Rebuke and Renewal (Bellmawr NJ, Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry Inc. 1992), pp. 12-13

  • Notice the quick response from Israel, “How have you loved us?”  They quickly doubted the love of God.
  • Vss. 2-3 – Reference is made to Jacob’s twin brother, Esau. Jacob was loved by God, Esau was “hated”.
  • God’s hatred for Esau is relative. God’s love was so great for Israel, that any attitude towards Esau was equal to hatred. Genesis 29:30-33, Luke 14:26
  • Vss. 3-4 – Esau or Edom had been conquered on a couple of occasions, and thought they would rebuild. God assured them that rebuilding efforts would be futile.
  • Vs. 5 – Israel would witness the fall of Edom and glorify God.

LOVE WITHHELD – Vss. 6-14

  • Vs. 6 – Although God loved Israel, Israel was not returning that love.
  • If we love God, let us honor Him as “Father”.
  • If we consider God to be our master, we are to fear Him.
  • God takes aim at the religious leaders, the priests. They despised the name of God. To despise God’s name is to despise who He is.
  • Vss. 6-7 – The priests wanted to know how they despised His name. It was in the sacrifices that they were offering.
  • Vs. 8 – Instead of offerings being without blemish, they were offering God the leftovers.
  • They wouldn’t dare offer these to their governor.
  • Share some ways many Christians offer God the leftovers.
  • When we do not give God our best, we are withholding love from Him. Deuteronomy 6:4-7
  • Vs. 9 – The priests made faulty offerings, and yet expected God’s favor.  God basically tells them that they’re dreaming. Psalm 66:18
  • Vs. 10 – God would rather have “the doors closed” and receive no offering, than to have a halfhearted offering from His people.
  • Vs. 11 – This promise will have its ultimate fulfillment during the Millennium. See Isaiah 11.
  • Vs. 12 – The priests were showing disrespect for the offerings that were being made to God. They were taking their responsibilities lightly.
  • Vs. 13 – Instead of treating their service to the Lord as a privilege, they were treating it as weariness.
  • Vs. 14 – People were cheating God by not offering their best. God promised retribution. 

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MALACHI 2:1-9 – HOLY AND UNHOLY PRIESTHOODS

NOW AND THEN – STUDIES IN MALACHI – #3

  • Christians have the unique privilege of being God’s priests. 1 Peter 2:5, 9, Revelation 1:5-6, John 13:12-14, Hebrews 13:15, Ephesians 6:18,                                            1 Timothy 2:1-5
  • Those in leadership have even higher standards. 1 Timothy 3:1-7, 4:11-16, Titus 1: 5-9
  • As in any profession, there are those who are a credit to the Christian priesthood and those who are not.  There are those who act in a holy way and those who act in an unholy way.
  • The priests in Malachi’s day were acting in an unholy way.  He rebukes them at the beginning and end of our text.
  • In the middle of our text, Malachi describes what a holy priest is like. As Christ’s priests today, there are lessons to be learned in this passage.

A HOLY PRIESTHOOD – Vss. 5-7

  • Vs. 5 – The covenant of life and peace is alluded to in Exodus 32:25-29. The Levites took a stand against those who worshiped the golden calf.
  • The covenant of peace was bestowed on Phineas when he took a stand against immorality. Numbers 25:1-15
  • When a person becomes a Christian, he receives life. John 3:16
  • When a person becomes a Christian, he receives peace. Romans 5:1,
  • The covenant with Israel, priests included, was a covenant of fear. Deuteronomy 6:1-7, Joshua 24:14, Psalm 33:18, Psalm 34:9, Proverbs 3:7
  • As we fear God, we will be freed from fear of others. Luke 12:4-7
  • Vs. 6 – The priest would also have functioned as a teacher. His teaching was accurate.
  • We expect those who teach us the Word of God to be accurate.  Hebrews 13:7,                            2 Timothy 2:1-2, 2 Timothy 4:1-4
  • The priests “walk” was to match his “talk”. The priest was a man of peace and righteous behavior.
  • Our walk as believer/priests should also be those whose “walk” matches their “talk”.  Matthew 7:24-27, Matthew 5:14-16, Titus 2:11-14, Ephesians 5:8-17
  • A Godly priest turned others from iniquity.
  • A Godly Christian will influence others towards salvation and forgiveness.
  • The life and words of a Godly Christian will influence other Christians in a positive way.  Hebrews 13:7, Philippians 3:17
  • Vs. 7 – The lips of a priest were to be careful to guard knowledge.  The people were to seek his instructions.  The lips had the sobering responsibility of speaking for God.
  • All Christians are God’s messengers. Matthew 28:18-20, 1 Peter 3:15, Ephesians 4:29, Colossians 4:6
  • Those of us who are preachers and teachers have a serious responsibility and need to be very careful. 1 Corinthians 2:1-5, 1 Kings 22:14, 2 Timothy 2:15-19

AN UNHOLY PRIESTHOOD – Vss. 1-4, 8-9

  • The priesthood of Malachi’s day was nothing like that described above.
  • Vs. 1 – Malachi pulls no punches here. He has already described the unholy sacrifices that were offered to Him (1:6-14). He now makes it even clearer that He is speaking to the priests.
  • Vs. 2 – God is calling for repentance. He wanted them to take seriously giving glory to His Name. How should we take giving glory to His Name seriously?
  • The priest who did not repent would be cursed.
  • One of the duties of the priest was to bless the people (Numbers 6:22-27). If God cursed their blessings, imagine the difficulty that would cause!
  • Vs. 3 – The seed or offspring of the priests were in trouble because of their fathers’ sins.
  • The filth associated with the priests’ sacrifices would be rubbed in their faces, and they themselves would be removed.
  • Vs. 4 – God was calling the priests to repentance so the original covenant with Levi would continue.
  • God calls His servants to repentance today so our testimony for Christ will continue. Revelation 2:4-5
  • Vs. 8 – The priests had turned out of the way of Levi. They were not walking the way God wanted them to. Jeremiah 6:16-17
  • The behavior and teaching of the priests caused the people to stumble.
  • The priests had corrupted what had been a pure covenant.
  • Vs. 9 – The result of poor behavior and teaching was disrespect and ridicule.
  • They were those who showed partiality instead of teaching the Word of God accurately.
  • What have you seen as results of the teachings and behavior of false teachers?
  • Why do we as individual Christians need to beware?

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MALACHI 2:10-16 – A MARRIAGE MESS

NOW AND THEN – STUDIES IN MALACHI – #4

  • God’s opinion of marriage -  Genesis 2:20-24, Mark 10:2-12
  • In this passage Malachi addresses two marital difficulties prevalent in his day.

A BASIC PRINCIPLE – Vs. 10

  • God is talking to Israel as a nation.
  • God created Israel from Abraham. Genesis 12:1-3, 18:18, 46:3
  • When we deal “treacherously”, we “are faithless” (ESV) with those who are in the same family.
  • Psalm 15 gives us some good examples of how to deal treacherously or break faith with fellow believers.
  • To profane the covenant of their Fathers would be to break God’s law. Exodus 19:3-8, Exodus 20:1-24:8
  • The basic principle is that we should not break faith with God’s people by breaking God’s covenant; that is, we should not disobey the laws that tell us how to treat fellow believers.

MIXED MARRIAGE – Vss. 2:11-12

  • Vs. 11 – The first example of being faithless is marrying “foreign” wives.
  • Israelites were marrying women who worshipped other Gods. This was historically a problem, especially in the days of Malachi. Ezra 9:1-2, Nehemiah 13:23-27, 1 Kings 11:1-8
  • Vs. 12 indicates a big penalty for those who intermarry with those who worshipped other Gods.
  • As Christians, we must avoid being “unequally yoked” 2 Corinthians 6:14-18

DIVORCE– Vss. 13-16

  • Vs. 13-14a – God was not accepting their sacrifices and they wondered why.
  • Vs. 14b – The men had become faithless towards the wives of their youth.
  • Vs. 15 – God made them one to produce Godly offspring.
  • Vs. 16 – The one who divorces his wife “covers his garment with violence”.
  • They were those who showed partiality instead of teaching the Word of God accurately.

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MALACHI 2:17-3:5 – GOD’S MESSENGERS

NOW AND THEN – STUDIES IN MALACHI #5

God has had many messengers. In this study we find two of God’s messengers. One is the Lord Jesus himself.

THE LORD’S WEARINESS – 2:17

  • The people of Malachi’s day had wearied the LORD with their words.
  • Of course, they could not fathom how they were wearying the LORD.                    Ezekiel 18:25

“MY MESSENGER” – 3:1A

  • “My Messenger” was John the Baptist. Isaiah 40:3, Matthew 3:1-3, 11:10, 14, 17:10-12, Mark 1:2, Luke 1:15-17, John 1:23

MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT– 3:1B

  • The word “Lord” here is “adon”, which often refers to God. In Psalm 110:1, it refers to the Lord Jesus Christ. The Lord Jesus is addressed with this a similar word in Acts 2:36, 1 Corinthians 12:3, and Philippians 2:11.
  • The covenant appears to be the one between God and Israel.  The Messenger of the Covenant and the Angel of the Covenant appear to be the Lord Jesus. Exodus 23:20-23, Exodus 32:34, Isaiah 64:9
  • Jesus also appears in the Old Testament as “The Angel of the Lord”.
  • Although Jesus did come suddenly to His temple in his first advent (Luke 2:22-28, John 2:13-17), His second coming to the Millennial Temple is probably what is in view. Matthew 24:4-42

THE DAY OF HIS COMING– 3:2-4

  • Vs. 2 – Jesus’ Lordship will be enforced. No one will be able to stand against Him.     Revelation 19:11-21
  • He will cleanse like a refiner’s fire or a fuller’s soap.
  • Vs. 3 – The purified Sons of Levi will minister in the Millennial Temple. Ezekiel 44:15-31
  • Vs. 4 – “The good old days” will be repeated. 2 Chronicles 7:8-10, 30:26, 35:18

HOUSE CLEANING– 3:5

  • When Jesus comes, all evil will be removed.

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MALACHI 3:6-12 – GIVING WITH INTEGRITY

NOW AND THEN – STUDIES IN MALACHI #5

  • The Levites, who were to be supported by the tithes of the Jewish people were evidently not receiving the tithes. Nehemiah 13:10-12
  • In this passage, Malachi makes an appeal for giving with integrity.

GOD'S ACCUSATION - Vs. 6-8

  • Vs. 6 – God’s people do test Him. If He were not patient, none of us would be here.
  • If God were not patient and unchangeable in His character, the Jews would have been consumed. Numbers 23:19, 1 Samuel 15:29, Hebrews 13:8, James 1:17
  • God’s goodness and faithfulness should lead to repentance. Lamentations 3:22-23, Romans 2:4
  • Vs. 7 – This is a wonderful principle. When we return to God, God returns to us.               Jeremiah 15:19, Isaiah 55:6-7, Revelation 2:4-5
  • Vs. 8 – God realized that He had to spell out to the people how they robbed God, or they just wouldn’t get it.
  • People forget that God owns everything.  Psalm 24:1-2, Psalm 50:10, Psalm 95:3-7
  • God’s people were to tithe to support the priests and the Levites. Numbers 18:8-28
  • Every third year, a tithe was collected to be used locally for the poor.                          Deuteronomy 14:28-29

GOD'S ACTION - Vs. 9

  • Because of their disobedience in giving, they were not receiving God’s best.
  • In one sense of the word, we cannot afford to cheat God.

GOD'S ADVICE - Vs. 10a

  • In the Old Testament, tithes were brought into the storehouse to be made available as needed.
  • In the New Testament, giving is to be regular (1 Corinthians 16:1-2), voluntary, cheerful  (2 Corinthians 9:6-7), and sacrificial (2 Corinthians 8:1-5, Luke 21:1-4, Acts 4:34-37). 

GOD'S ASSURANCE - Vs. 10b -12

  • God will give great blessing when we give properly.
  • We should not give to get, but when we honor God, He honors us. Matthew 6:19-21, 33,  2 Corinthians 9:6-12, Philippians 4:18-19
  • Vs. 11 – Insects would be destroyed, and crops would come to full maturity.
  • When we give to God’s work sacrificially, it seems that things go further, because God rebukes our “devourers”.
  • Vs. 12 – When we are obedient, and God pours out his blessings, others will take notice.

 

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